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Research Report on China Agriculture Industry


I n China , the industrialization of agriculture is fruit of contradiction between agricultural productivity and and production raltion in market economy environment when productivity develops into certain level and professionalization into certain level. Its process is affected by agricultural and biological characteristics, market demand and production relation, etc. Up to now, China 's industrial management of agriculture has existed for 10 years. By examining the industrial management of agriculture production and the development, people correctly grasp the development trend understanding of the industrial management of agriculture to the evolution of the law and clarifying the development of ideas, actively promote the practice is of great significance.

From an international perspective, the industrial management of agriculture has developed from in the 20th century tough in the 1950s in Western countries. Most Western countries are into industrialization from agricultural production specialization, such as the United States accompanied large-scale mechanized production, several major professional crop with the gradual formation, planting to livestock expansion, a group of professional poultry farms and cattle ranchers. farming and animal husbandry division is more detailed and from the breeding and production of specialized agricultural and livestock products to the professional development, This path of the operation of the agriculture enterprises, agricultural production marketing integration The diversified agricultural services and agricultural industries, the share, or it is the industrial management of agriculture roads, its development process and the lessons of experience are worth learning from.

Beijing, as China's administrative, economic and cultural center, with "small city outskirts" of the Internet, and therefore, the agriculture is not just to more than 300 million rural agricultural services, is not for 600,000 people engaged in agricultural services in agriculture, but for the whole of over 1,580 million people in the agriculture, Agriculture is no longer the main function is the production of goods, and because of its public welfare and ecological. Urban Agriculture unique feature precisely meet these requirements, so it is the industrialization of agriculture, the development of an inevitable trend. Beijing , the next decade should actively explore the capital market reflects the characteristics and features of modern agriculture in the rural areas where agriculture. Meanwhile, the agricultural industry from the absolute amount but still substantial, in 2006, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery output value reached 26.96 billion RMB, according to current prices, last year, up 0.3%. The grain output 1.092 million tons, vegetable production 3.942 million tons, actual operating the city's agricultural demonstration parks for 1230, Park agricultural sightseeing and folk tourism hospitality number of households reached 21.931 million passengers, So we need to, the development of agricultural industrialization process characteristics, strengths, weaknesses and trends for overall consideration, to enable us to better understand Beijing's agricultural industrialization process of China's agricultural industry and the direction.

The report from Beijing to the status of the agricultural industry and its sub-sectors that will have the industrialization of agriculture in the process of the law, we think : Beijing , the industrialization of agriculture in the direction of the development of eco-agriculture, agricultural education, leisure agriculture and expanding the multifunctionality of agriculture, take one with Chinese characteristics urban agriculture road. Beijing is the "small city outskirts" feature, Beijing's agriculture industry development direction must take account of the entire city, the environmental impact, In Beijing, the industrialization of agriculture in the development process as they have advantages in technology, and policy, economic advantages, promote the industrialization of agriculture and technology export model has great advantages This is also the development of education, agriculture where the connotation, and Beijing's urban population is the largest leisure, as well as the development of agriculture will provide a vast market potential. In the agricultural industry investment, we should fully understand the agricultural industries are facing the natural risks, market risks, risk management and technology risk through appropriate scale cultivation of agricultural enterprises, the establishment of new agricultural technical support system, strengthen the binding contract means to circumvent these risks, in the process of agricultural industrialization, By building a sound financial support system to focus on the development of acquisition services, industrial investment funds, the security system, Securitization financing fashion for financial support work. Especially to the agricultural industries in the process of leading enterprises, fiscal and financial policy, to support its development, with a view to bringing the entire process of agricultural industrialization.

Abstract 	2
Catalogue 	3
Tables 	7
Chapter One   Current Development in Agricultural Industry	8
Section one   Summary 8
1, Current development 8
2, The price of agricultural products is increasing 10
3, Import and exort 	13
Section two   Current industrialization of agriculture 22
1, Meaning of agricultural industrialization  22
2, Function of industrialized business 23
3, Main business patterns  24
4, Benefit 25
5, Current industrialization in China  27
Section three   Devloping mode of agricultural industrialization  32
1, Precise agriculture 32
2, Blue agriculture  35
3, Quality agriculture  39
4, White agriculture  41
5, City agriculture  43
6, Facilitiy agriculture  45
7, Organic agriculture  47
Section four   Analysis on developing trend of agricultural industrialization 50
1, Harmless agriculture 50
2, Green agriculture	52
3, Organic agriculture	54
4, Ecological agriculture 57
5, Brand agriculture 60
6, Infromation agriculture	64
Section five   References of overseas agricultural industrialization modes 67
1, modes 68
2, Business features	69
Chapter Two   Summary on Current Beijing Argiculture Industrialization 72
Section one   Overall volume 	72
Section two   Structure 73
1, Proportions of Beijing three industries in GDP in 2006  73
2, Proportions of agriculture, forest, husbandry and fishing industries in Beijing
 multi-functional district 74
3,  Stable development 75
Section three   Space structure of Beijing agriculture industry 76
1, Protection of urban and rural overall planning and developing 76
2, To set up five agriculture areas 	77
3, Excellent ecological protection function	78
Section four   Structure of Beijing agriculture enterprise 	78
Section five   Analysis on potential of Beijing agricultural industrialization	79
Chapter Three   Analysis on Current Development in Beijing Agriculture 	81
Section one   Advantages 81
Section two   Limitation  82
1, Regional advantages are being weaken 82
2,	Beijing agriculture tourism is under development 83
3, Beijing is in the shortage of energy sources 	83
Section three   Analysis on applications of new hi-tech	84
1, Development of new hi-tech and industrialization in Beijing  84
2, Existing problems 85
3, Quicken developing strategic countermeasures and measures  86
Section four   Developing direction 90
Section one   Developing goals 91
1, Guidance of capital and other productionfactors into reasonable flow 	1, 91
2, To constitute differentiated regional policies and industry policies  92
3, To strengthen land using control of agricultural industrialization projects  92
4, To innovate financing system ; quicken the steps of infrastructure establishment
 and structure adjusting in countrysides  93
To set updynamic evaluation mechanism  93
Chapter Four   Research on Developing Trend in Agriculture in Beijing 	94
Section one   Current situationof top enterprises 	94
Section two   Analysis on industrialized areas 	94
Section three   Analysis on policies 95
Section four   Pattern research 97
Chpater Five   Research on Each Industry in Agriculture Industry98
Section one   Analysis on current planting industry 98
1, Nationwide current situation and developing trend  98
2, Composition of value chain and industry structure 100
3, Features and developing trend 101
4, Successful cases 101
5, Analysis on economic environment	102
6, Anlsysis on political environment	103
Section two   Analysis on current breeding industry 	103
1, Current situation and developing trend	103
2, Value chain and industry structure	105
3, Features and developing trend	105
4, Successful cases	107
5, Analysis on economic environment	107
6, Anlsysis on political environment	107
Section three   Analysis on current agricultural products processing industry 	108
1, Nationwide current situation and developing trend 108
2, Composition of value chain and industry structure 110
3, Features and developing trend	110
4, Successful cases  113
5, Analysis on economic environment	114
6, Anlsysis on political environment		114
Section four   Analysis on current agricultural service industry 	114
1, Nationwide current situation and developing trend 114
2, Composition of value chain and industry structure	115
3, Features and developing trend	116
4, Successful cases117
5, Analysis on economic environment	119
6, Anlsysis on political environment		119
Section five   Analysis on current agricultural machinery 120
1, Nationwide current situation and developing trend	120
2, Composition of value chain and industry structure	124
3, Features and developing trend	124
4, Successful cases	125
5, Analysis on economic environment	126
6, Anlsysis on political environment		126
Chapter Six   Investing Risks and Suggestion on Financial Development in Agriculture Industry127
Section one   Summary on Investing risks	127
Section two   	Analysis on investing risks  127
1, Natural risk 127
2, Market risk 128
3, Management risk 	128
4, Technical risk 129
Section three   Preventive actions of investing risk in agriculture industry 129
1, To bring up some agriculture enterprises 129
2, To explore to establish new agricultural technique support system 	130
3, To enhance legal conciousness and contact sanction 130
4, To prepare to establish risk prevention mechanism in agriculture industry 131
Section four   Suggestion on financial exploitation in agriculture industry 131
1, To establish suitable financial support system for top enterprise 	132
2, Importance of esatblishmen tof financial support system in current agricultural 
industrialization 	132

Table  1£º The grain ourput  increased to 2.8% from 2006 to 2006 (Unit: 10thousand tons) 9
Table  2£º Comparison of output of cotton, oil plants and sugar in 2005 and 2006 
(Unit: 10thousand tons)	9
Table  3£º	Transfroming rate and addad value comparison of town enterprises in a
griculture products process in China  10
Table  4£º	Growth trend in average per net income in China  10
Table  5£º	The number of poor people in countryside in China has decreased 8.44 million a
fter the Tenth-Five-Year Plan 11
Table  6£º Change of production price index of agriculture products in China in 2006 	11
Table  7£º Agriculture production price index in China in 2006 13
Table  8£º Comparisonin total volume of import and export in agriculture products between
 2005 to 2008	£¨Unit: 100m USD) 14
Table  9£º Grist import and export comparison between 2005 and 2008 (Unit: 10thousand tons)	14
Table  10£º Rice import and export comparison between 2005 and 2008 (Unit: 10thousand tons)	15
Table  11£º Corn import and export comparison between 2005 and 2008 (Unit: 10thousand tons)	15
Table  12£º Wheat import and export comparison between 2005 and 2008 (Unit: 10thousand tons)
Table  13£º Oilseeds import and export comparison between 2005 and 2008 (Unit: 10thousand tons)
Table  14£º Structure of oilseeds imports in 2008 16
Table  15£º Soybean import and export comparison between 2005 and 2008 (Unit: 10thousand tons)
Table  16£º Vegetable oil import and export comparison between 2005 and 2008 
(Unit: 10thousand tons)	17
Table  17£º Structure of vegetable oil imports in 2008 18
Table  18£º Bean oil import and export comparison between 2005 and 2008(Unit: 10thousand tons)
Table  19£º Colza oil import and export comparison between 2005 and 2008 (Unit: 10thousand tons)
Table  20£ºImport (Unit: 10thousand tons)	18
Table  21£º Export (Unit: 10thousand tons)	19
Table  22£º Sugar import and export comparison between 2005 and 2008 (Unit: 10thousand tons)	19
Table  23£º Vegetable import and export comparison between 2005 and 2008 20
Table  24£º Fruit import and export comparison between 2005 and 2008	20
Table  25£º Livestock products import and export comparison between 2005 and 2008£¨Unit: 100m USD)
Table  26£º Live pig import and export comparison between 2005 and 2008£¨Unit: 100m USD)	21
Table  27£º Poultry import and export comparison between 2005 and 2008£¨Unit: 100m USD)	22
Table  28£º Aquatic productsimport and export comparison between 2005 and 2008 (Unit: 100m USD)
Table  29£º Structure of industrialization in China  in Tenth-Five-Year Plan 28
Table  30£º Joinning methods between industrialization and farmers 29
Table  31£º Emloyment structure of industrialization	 (Unit: 10thousand)30
Table  32£º Foreign exchange making of top enterprises hold 84% in the total  30
Table  33£ºGovernment strengthened the support 	(Unit: 100mRMB)  30
Table  34£ºStructure of sales income of top enterprises  	(Unit: 100mRMB)  31
Table  35£º Total production value of main aquatic products 37
Table  36£º Agricultural land distribution in each continent 	56
Table  37£º Kinds and proportions of world organic agriculture 57
Table  38£º Three different level structure systems 60
Table  39£º Production value of four industries 73
Table  40£º Output comparison between 2005 and 2008 (Unit: 10thousand tons)	73
Table  41£º Growth of Beijing agricultural touring parks in number and profit 74
Table  42£º Proportions of three industriesin Beijing in 2006 	75
Table  43£º Proportion of farming, 	livestock and fishery 75
Table  44£º Landarea of each kind of faculity agriculture products in Beijing
 (Unit: 10thousand units of areas)  76
Table  45£º Regional distribution  77
Table  46£º Proportion of employed people in total polulation of Beijing in 2006 	78
Table  47£º There will be five agriculture development areas in Beijing 	78
Table  48£º The disposable income of people in Beijing increased to 13.2% from 2005 to 2008 82
Table  49£ºChange in number of insurants of Beijing from 2005 to 2008 	83
Table  50£ºStructure of energy consumption industry in Beijing 	85
Table 51£ºChange in planting area for main crops from 2005 to 2008 (Unit: 10thousand hectares) 
Table  52£º Output and growth speed of main crops in 2008 (Unit: 10thousand tons)	99
Table  53£ºOutput and growth speed of grain from 2002 to 2008  (Unit: 10thousand tons) 100
Table  54£º Key economic society indexes of Beijing in Jan. and Feb. of 2008	103
Table  55£º Great decrease in meat output in Beijing in 2008  107
Table  56£º Proportion of agriculture products manufacuturers in towns agriculture
 enterprises in 2008   112
Table  57£º Composition of importing agricultural machinery eneterprieses	122
Table  58£º Composition of exporting agricultural machinery eneterprieses	123

Chapter One Current Development in Agriculture Industry

Section one Summary

1, Current development

In 2006, "11th Five-Year Plan" began, beginning, the CPC Central Committee and State Department continue to adhere to the scientific concept of development to guide the agricultural and rural work as a whole. The solution of the "three rural" issue and the party's work is the most important task of all, and adhere to support a series of "three agricultural" policy measures and the whole country, especially the hundreds of millions of peasants to work together agriculture and rural economic development has achieved tremendous achievements.

1 ¡¢ Comprehensive agricultural production capacity has risen steadily, the recovery of grain production. 2006 annual grain output 497.46 million tons over the previous year, and 13.44 million tons, an increase of 2.8%. Cotton output of which 6.73 million tonnes, an increase of 17.8%; Oil production 30.62 million tons, a reduction of 0.5%; sugar output of 109.87 million tonnes, an increase of 16.2%.

Table1 £º 2.8% The grain ourput increased to 2.8% from 2006 to 2006 (Unit: 10thousand tons)

Table 2 £º Comparison of output of cotton, oil plants and sugar in 2005 and 2006 (Unit: 10thousand tons)

2 ¡¢ Agriculture and rural economic structure was further optimized. High yield economic crops, livestock, fisheries maintain rapid growth, the industrial management of agriculture and rapid development, Regional agricultural production layout has been optimized, and advantages of specialty agricultural products industry is now a prototype belt. In Tenth-Five-Year period, the output value of the agricultural product processing industry, the average annual growth of 15%. Major agricultural products processing and conversion rate from 2000 to the 30% to 45%. In 2005 the added value of township enterprises reached 5.0534 trillion RMB, compared with 2000 growth of 86.1%. Average annual growth is 13.3%. Nongken achieved rapid economic growth, the average annual GDP growth of 11.2%, higher than the growth rate for the "Ninth Five-Year Plan" period doubled.

Table 3 £º Transfroming rate and addad value comparison of town enterprises in agriculture products process in China

3 ¡¢ Agricultural markets, the international process of accelerating. The circulation of agricultural products the constant deepening of structural reform, grain purchasing market is fully opened up to the wholesale market for the center, bazaars-based, direct marketing distribution and supermarket chain as an important supplement to the farm produce market system to keep on improving agricultural products market, the circulation pattern is gradually taking shape. Large and medium-sized cities consumption of fresh agricultural products holds 80% for the wholesale market. International agricultural cooperation has been expanding the form of cooperation, becoming more diverse and constantly raises the level of cooperation. Substantial growth in trade of agricultural products, China has become second only to the United States , the EU, Japan , the world's fourth largest trading country in agricultural products. To offshore ocean fisheries and land development as the representative of the offshore exploitation of natural resources with notable results.

4 ¡¢ Sustained growth of the income of farmers. In 2006 the per capita net income reached 3,587 RMB, an increase over 2005 332 RMB, increased over the year 2000 1,334 RMB. In recent years, farmers further broaden channels to increase revenue constitute positive change, migrant workers in wage income increased significantly; the main grain producing income of the farmers has improved significantly. Impoverished rural population by 2000 decreased to 32.09 millionRMB in 2005 to 23.65 millionKRMB. Rural education, culture, health care and sanitation are the causes of further development. Farmers living environment and rural infrastructure have been improved.

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